How Much Wine Comes From One Vine & Bottle Sizes

On average, one plant equals about 14 pounds of fruit, if crop isn’t dropped in substantial amounts. One plant will then equal about five (750 milliliter) bottles of wine.

One gallon is equal to 5 bottles of wine.

The following are averages, because viticulturists ultimately decided how many plants there will be on one acre of land. Some stress the vines to be three feet apart. This causes the roots of each plant, because it is so close to its neighbor, to go straight down into the earth, and not sprawl outward. Others (up to six feet apart), allow the vines to have their root systems sprawl, before they go downward searching for water, leaving more space between plants. Think averages with the following figures:

One acre equals about four tons of grapes. With this configuration, you get the following:

  • 1 acre = about 544 plants
  • 1 acre = about 3028 bottles of wine
  • 1 acre = 252 cases of wine
  • 1 barrel = 59.4 gallons, or 225 liters of wine
  • 1 barrels = 24 cases of wine

Wine Bottles Names and Capacity

Split ~ 186 milliliters ~ 1/4 bottle

Half bottle ~ 375 milliliters

Bottle/Fifth ~ 1 bottle

Magnum ~ 2 bottles


  • Jeroboam ~ 4 bottles
  • Rehoboam ~ 6 bottles
  • Methuselah ~ 8 bottles
  • Salmanazar ~ 12 bottles
  • Balthazar ~ 16 bottles
  • Nebuchhadnezzer ~ 20 bottles
  • Sovereign ~ 33.33 bottles


  • Double Magnum ~ 4 bottles
  • Jeroboam ~ 6 bottles
  • Imperial ~ 8 bottles
  • Salmanazar ~ 12 bottles

Based on Biblical Names

  • Jeroboam ~ Was the first king of the Israelite Kingdom of Israel from 922 to 901 BC, after the revolt of the 10 northern Israelite tribes against Rehoboam. This put an end to the United Monarchy.
  • Rehoboam ~ Was the king of the United Monarchy of Israel, and later of the Kingdom of Judah. After the 10 northern tribes of Israel rebelled in 932 – 931 BC, he formed the independent Kingdom of Israel.
  • Methuselah ~ The oldest person (969 years) in the bible, is the grandfather of Noah.
  • Salmanazar ~ King of Assyria under the name of Shalmaneser. There are conflicting dates given, but this gives you a range of his reign possibilities: either 1274 BC – 1245 BC, or 1265 BC – 1235 BC.
  • Balthazar ~ The name commonly attributed to one of the Three Wise Men.
  • Nebuchadnezzer ~ The ruler of Babylon (Chaldean Dynasty), he reigned from 605 BC to 562 BC. He conquered Judah and Jerusalem, and sent Jewish people into exile.

The following image is borrowed from Lost Canyon Winery in Cloverdale.

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9 Responses to “How Much Wine Comes From One Vine & Bottle Sizes”

  1. SUAMW says:

    I had tried doing that calculation about vine-fruit-bottles.
    It is next to impossible to apply this calculation to all vineyards, all varieties (before they become varietALS….) and sites/AVAs.

    I have a home vineyard that takes up 1/10 acre. 6X8 spacing = 87 vines. My vines are head trained. That yields less than a VSP or a double lyre or a sprawl. But I have a vigorous site with vigorous clones.

    We have projected a maximum 80 gallon per year production at full maturity.
    We’ll see if that is the case.

  2. James says:

    Great information here… will continue to read your blog!

  3. Jo Diaz says:

    Something like this has to be general, as you know, Arthur. Some grape vines are prolific by nature (like Petite Sirah), and some are low yielding. Some vineyards are managed to drop fruit to increase more flavor; some are planted to stress the vine, and that yield is going to vary.

    This is just information in the most general terms, but something has to be set for approximates and this is it.

    Good luck with your project.

  4. Bill Grote says:

    Great information. Thank you for posting.

    Do you have any way of telling how much Admire Pro to apply systemically per grape vine on young vines verses older vines? Most formulas are for an acre of plants, and not per vine.

  5. Jo Diaz says:

    I don’t have an answer but I have access to a lot of people who would… Back in a bit.

  6. Mark says:

    Vineyards can have up to 3,000 or more vines per acre, fruit thinning can limit yields drastically and varietals can have very different berry weight cluster density and size. Most European vineyards have very high density plantings. Some varieties have long open clusters with large berries others have small berries with tight clusters. Some have as many as three grape clusters or more per shoot. Add to this the difference between whole cluster press, berry pressing or extended red wine maceration and the juice volume can vary by 50 gallons per ton.

  7. Jo Diaz says:

    All good, Mark, and as I also told Aurthur, this is only generalizations, so one has a starting point.

  8. carl ward says:

    Good info, thanks for posting. Appreciate that it’s general and directional, but as you stated it’s a starting point. I find it amazing how varied planting layouts can be. In fact, when visiting a well know Pinot vineyard in Oregon recently, I was amazed how close the rows were set. When inquiring, I was told the owners were from Burgundy and their belief was the width was set just wide enough for a horse pulling a plow could walk down each row. The practice was established hundreds of years ago. I estimate the width was 6 feet with vines topped to let in light.

  9. Jo Diaz says:

    Thanks, Carl. It has to be general. There are so many variables:

    Vine type’s typical tonnage per acre.
    Vine density.
    Cluster removal.
    Diseases that impact tonnage.
    … and on and on …

    And, at other times, I’ve been criticized for my information, so I learned pretty quickly, there are no hard and fast rules, only middle of the road generalizations.

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